Moni Oolyonghai was born in Mongolia in 1963. Moni and his mother, a Russian language teacher, were held in a Chinese prison for a six month period in 1967. Moni graduated from Lu Shong Academy of Fine Arts , Sheng Yang, China in 1987.
After moving to the United States, he attended the School of the Museum of Fine Arts in Boston. Moni lives and works in Boston, Massachusetts and travels to China and Mongolia every year in order to renew his artistic sensibility.